Mixed Methods Research

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| Qualitative Research (General) | Mixed Methods | Reliability and Validity |
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Biber, H and Nagy, S (2010). Mixed methods research: Merging theory with practice. New York: Guilford Press.

  • The authors’ aim is to provide the reader (student/researcher) with an in-depth understanding of qualitative mixed methods perspectives and practices. It especially offers good practical strategies to help the reader to develop their own individual research perspectives.

Collins, K., & O’Cathain, A. (2009). Ten points about mixed methods research to be considered by the novice researcher. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches, 3, 2-7.

  • This article presents ten points that a novice researcher should be cognizant of when formulating, planning, and implementing a mixed methods study. The points are: a) Importance of a definition, b) Importance of a mental model for mixing, c) Utilizing typologies of designs, d) Selecting the reason, rationale, and purpose for mixing, e) Determining the research question, f) Selecting a mixed methods research design, g) Determining the sampling design , h) Collecting data, i) Conducting data analysis, and j) Legitimating Inferences and formulating generalizations The authors’ provide rationales for why these points are important and a brief description of selective typologies that inexperienced researchers might use to address these points when conducting mixed methods research.

Collins, K., Onwuegbuzie, A., & Sutton, I. (2006). A model incorporating the rationale and purpose for conducting mixed methods research in special education and beyond. Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 4, 67-100.

  • The authors provide an inclusive framework for conducting mixed analyses. They present a two-dimensional representation for classifying and organizing both qualitative and quantitative analyses. The representation involves reframing qualitative and quantitative analyses as either variable-oriented or case-oriented analyses. They also provide another comprehensive framework that incorporates a time dimension such as process -oriented analyses, particularistic vs. universalistic; variable-oriented analysis and intrinsic case vs. instrumental case; case-oriented analysis. The article incorporates published studies presented for each of these representations.

Creswell, J., & Plano Clark, V. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  • The book provides the reader with both theoretical foundations and practical guidelines into the process of conducting mixed methods research. The author explains the different varieties of mixed method designs such as triangulation, embedded, explanatory and exploratory designs. There is also a discussion of how various paradigms and worldviews are related to mixed methods research.

Fry, G., Chantavanicht, S., & Chantavanicht, A. (1981). Merging quantitative and qualitative research techniques: Toward a new research paradigm. The Council on Anthropology and Education, 12, 145 - 158.

  • This paper focuses on the merging of qualitative and quantitative research approaches in educational research. The authors review some studies to show the advantages to be gained by integrating qualitative and quantitative methods. They also introduce ethnographic residual analysis as a new paradigm for developing a deeper and better understanding of the complex interrelationships among educational inputs, educational processes, and educational outcomes.

Greene, J. (2007). Mixed methods in social inquiry. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

  • The book offers a particular perspective on the dynamic field of mixed methods social inquiry. The author places emphasis on a perspective that is focuses on rational, purpose and potentialities for mixed methods in social research and evaluation. The book is grounded in methodological development of mixed methods literature.

Gorman, G.E (2005).Qualitative research for the information professional: A practical handbook>. London: Facet.

  • The author provides a guide to qualitative research in the information sciences by taking the user through the nature of qualitative research. The distinctive features of qualitative research are explored, research designs in the information sciences, techniques used to record fieldwork data and data analysis.

Kisher-Butler, L. (2010). Qualitative inquiry: Thematic narrative and arts informed perspective. Los Angeles: Sage.

  • The author focuses this book on the graduate student who is at any stage of the qualitative inquiry process. The book addresses the various approaches to inquiry such as narrative inquiry, phenomenological inquiry, photographic, poetry and performative inquiry. The book addresses the theory that guides the various forms of qualitative work and discusses issues such as ethics, validity, evaluation, validity and representation.

Uwe, Flick (2007). Designing Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications.

  • The author offers practical advice and a discussion on topics such as how to design your research, data collection process and analytical approaches.

Wolcott, F.H (2009). Writing up qualitative research. Los Angeles: Sage Publications.

  • The author walks the reader through the data writing process from the first step. He highlights each section of data writing and what should be included. He gives advice on when to get started and the importance of having a time plan.